Psychopathy (constitutional psychopathic personality disorder) - psychiatric disorders in which there is a persistent violation of nature and behavioral trends affecting several areas of the personality. There are at birth or in early childhood and persist throughout life. Accompanied by social and personal maladjustment of varying severity. Psychopathy is multifactorial disease, the importance of different factors can vary significantly. Diagnosis is exposed to the light of history and clinical symptoms. Treatment - assistance in adaptation, psychotherapy, drug therapy how to beat social anxiety.
Psychopathy - psychiatric disorders observed during the whole life of the patient. Characterized by persistent violations of the nature and behavior, leading to a deterioration of the social and personal adaptation. According to statistics obtained in 2008 as a result of large-scale international studies, psychopathy (including mild forms) affects more than 10% of the population. At the same time the prevalence of emotional instability, schizotypal, hysterical and dissocial personality disorder is about 2% for each disorder, and the frequency of anxiety and narcissistic disorder ranges from 0.5 to 1%.
Revealed correlation with gender. Asthenic, hysterical and emotionally unstable personality disorder most often diagnosed in women, and the rest of psychopathy - men. Some patients have a combination of symptoms characteristic of multiple personality disorder. Due to the high incidence of psychopathy diagnosis and treatment becomes a problem having a high medical and social importance. Treatment of this disease is carried out by experts in the field of psychiatry, psychotherapy and clinical psychology.
The importance of various factors in the development of psychopathy is not significantly clarified that due to the difficulty of studying the circumstances that influence the formation of this group of mental disorders. Installed undoubted importance of genetic factors - in relatives of patients with psychopathy are more likely than the average for the population, revealed similar disorders. Often suffer from psychopathy representatives of two or more generations of the same family, such as father and son, or mother and daughter. At the same time, we can not ignore the effect of the vicious system of relations in the family of a psychopath and a large number of pathological beliefs and patterns of behavior, digestible child who from the first days of life and up to the age of majority deals with psychopathic patients.
Many experts believe that a role in the development of psychopathy can play a complicated pregnancy, difficult birth and early childhood diseases. There relationship with a history of child physical, psychological and sexual violence. Researchers believe that the adverse living conditions in childhood aggravate genetically determined traits and personality characteristics and increase the risk of psychopathy.
The main features of schizoid psychopathy is no need in a relationship, stable desire to minimize social contact, a disregard for social norms, emotional coldness and detachment from his own feelings in conjunction with the theorizing and care in fantasy. Patients suffering from schizoid psychopathy are not able to show any strong feelings - both positive (joy, tenderness, delight) and negative (rage, anger).
Such patients have little interest in sexual activity, friendship and family. They prefer to live in isolation. People with schizoid psychopathy, work hard as a team, so they choose professions that involve an individual activity. They either enjoy the small number of activities, or do not enjoy at all. They are indifferent to both the conviction and the validation of their little care taken by social norms.
Psychoanalysts believe that the cause of psychopathy is a schizoid duality parental messages and the need for proximity in combination with the absorption fear that compels to keep a distance to communicate with people. The main mental protection becomes intellectualization. A marked tendency to sublimation. The diagnosis of schizoid personality disorder exhibited in the presence of four or more of these symptoms at the age of 18 years and older, their manifestation in different contexts and for maintaining life. Treatment - social adaptation, long-term psychoanalytic therapy.
The distinctive features of psychopathy are paranoid rancor, suspicion, overly sharp reaction to the refusal or inability to meet the needs, as well as a distorted perception of the tendency to distort the facts, to take all at his own expense, to interpret the actions of others in a negative way, and suspect them of evil intentions. Patients suffering from paranoid psychopathy, constantly someone or dissatisfied with something. They find it difficult to forgive others mistakes, for any accident they see malice build conspiracy theories, sensitive to the issues of individual rights, is considered neutral or positive words and actions of others as an attack on his reputation. A characteristic feature of this psychopathy is a constant excessive jealousy.
The main defense mechanisms of the psyche - the projection, denial and reaction formation. Patients suffering from paranoid psychopathy, are experiencing a lot of pronounced negative emotions (anger, envy, resentment, desire for revenge, anger, fear, guilt, shame), but deny their feelings and project them on others. Diagnosis exhibited in the identification of three or more of the above signs of psychopathy. It is imperative that the persistence of these symptoms and their effect on several sides of the patient's life. Treatment includes measures on social adaptation and lengthy psychotherapy.