Bacterial vaginosis - vaginal bacteria overgrowth associated with rapid quantitative and qualitative disturbance of the normal vaginal microflora, reducing the number of lactobacilli and multiplication of opportunistic pathogens, incl gardnerelly... It characterized by the appearance of abundant vaginal discharge gray shade with an unpleasant odor. Untreated bacterial vaginosis increase risk of inflammatory diseases of the female reproductive organs and pregnancy loss provera and clomid.
Bacterial vaginosis is the most common option for bacterial vaginosis, t. E. An imbalance in the composition of the natural microflora of the female genital organs. Bacterial vaginosis occurs in 20% of women of reproductive age.
Lactic acid microflora normally prevailing in the vagina in bacterial vaginosis supplanted by opportunistic species, the leader among which is gardnerella. Way gardnerelleza transmission - sexual, gardnerella often diagnosed in women in active sexual life. Men usually act as carriers of infections, therefore, to prevent recurrence of bacterial vaginosis, it is necessary to carry out the simultaneous treatment of sexual partners.
Bacterial vaginosis in the form of running can cause the development of inflammation of the urinary tract, the uterus and appendages, infertility, complications during pregnancy and childbirth.
If bacterial vaginosis is often marked by a mixed infection with other microorganisms: gonococci, trichomonas, mycoplasma, Chlamydia, Candida, etc...
Normally, the vagina in adult women found over 15 species of microorganisms. Dominated by lactobacillus acidophilus, bifidobacteria constitute a smaller portion (10%), peptostreptokokki (~ 5%). Lactoflora due to lactic acid maintains an acidic environment genital mucosa, which performs local protection and immune functions.
In small amounts in the vagina of women meet anaerobic bacteria (mobiluncus, Bacteroides, Gardnerella and others.), Genital mycoplasmas, Trichomonas, candida.
The sharp increase in the number of microorganisms violates the microbiological equilibrium, there is a vaginal dysbiosis or bacterial vaginosis. It is characterized by a decrease in the number of Doderlyayna microflora (lactobacilli) and the prevalence of opportunistic species. Most often in women with bacterial vaginosis show vaginal Gardnerella, which is the main, though not the only cause of these disorders. Therefore condition called bacterial vaginosis bacterial vaginosis.
Also gardnerellas increases the number of other bacteria (coccal species, Trichomonas, Mycoplasma, mobiluncus, yeast-like fungi). Gardnerelly role in the development of bacterial vaginosis is that it creates a favorable environment for the reproduction of pathogenic and pathogenic microorganisms. Basified vaginal environment, gardnerellas metabolic products arising aggravate mucosal disorders, there is a basis for the penetration of other infections. Therefore, bacterial vaginosis contributes to the development of inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system in women.
To avoid the development of bacterial vaginosis and recurrence prevention measures will help to address the causes of bacterial vaginosis.
The prevalence of bacterial vaginosis and the risk of the consequences of not only require immediate treatment of disease, but also its regular household and medical prevention.