Doping control is an essential part of a comprehensive program of measures aimed at preventing the use of banned athletes (doping) funds we recommend.
Adopted in our country and the rules of organization of the doping control procedure is fully compliant with the IOC Medical Commission. doping control procedure consists of the following steps: selection of biological samples for analysis, physico-chemical study of the samples and registration conclusion, the imposition of sanctions on violators.
During the competition, the athlete is notified that according to the rules, he must pass a drug test. The mandatory drug testing are the winners, who took 1st, 2nd and 3rd places, as well as on the decision of the commission is one of the few athletes who have not won a prize (they are chosen by lot). After the speech, these athletes are sent to the room Doping control. Here the athlete chooses a container for collecting urine samples for analysis. Then, in the presence of an observer happens surrender urine samples. (Observer ensures that there is no falsification of the sample). After passing the test, the vessel is pasted on a room, which also selects an athlete himself. After that, obtaining a biological sample is divided into two equal parts - samples A and B, which are sealed and they are assigned a specific code.
Thus, the name of the athlete, not mentioned on any of the working stages (for compliance with complete anonymity). Copies of the code is adhered to doping control. The samples were then packed into containers for transportation and transported to the laboratory doping control. Before signing the protocol athlete doping control is obliged to inform the Commission of the names of all the medications that he was taking before the competition (since some drugs contain prohibited items in minimal quantities, eg solutan). After signing the protocol of doping control an athlete can only expect the results of the analysis. According to the regulations of the doping control sample subjected to analysis A, and not later than 3 days after the capture of a biological sample.
In case of detection of banned drugs in it, is revealed and analyzed the sample B. The opening of the sample may be present or the Athlete or his agent. If the sample is also found in the prohibited items, the athlete is subject to sanctions. If the sample is not in discovering a prohibited substance, the conclusion on the analysis of bioassay A recognized misleading and sanctions to an athlete shall not apply. Failure of athlete to undergo a doping control or attempt to falsify its results are considered as recognition of the fact that the use of performance enhancing drugs with all the ensuing consequences.
The falsification of the results of doping control is a different kind of manipulation aimed at distorting the results. It attempts to falsify athletes may resort when they obviously believe in the positive result of the analysis of biological samples for doping. This may attempt to substitute urine (catheterization and administration into the bladder foreign, obviously free of prohibited drugs urine, or urine simulating liquid, the use of micro-containers, deliberate contamination of urine aromatic compounds that prevent the identification of doping).
Prohibited manipulation also include special surgery (eg, suturing the skin tissue of the placenta). Doping is used to determine the physical and chemical methods of analysis of biological samples of urine (chromatographic, massospektrometricheskie, radioimunnye, immuno and others.) Are very sensitive, and include the computer identification of doping agents and their derivatives. They allow you to accurately determine all applicable athlete preparations, including used during the last weeks and even months. In addition, the technique worked, defining the so-called "blood doping", ie transfusion athlete's own or someone else's blood before the start.
Earlier doping controls were only qualified athletes and only during a critical international and domestic competitions, but now that control is carried out not only in the competitive period, but also during the training sessions, and testing for doping to be all involved in sports persons, regardless of their sports accessories.
Sanctions for athletes found guilty of doping
Detection of Doping threatens athlete severe penalties, up to the complete exclusion from the sport. The first detection of prohibited items (except for the sympathomimetic drugs, such as ephedrine and its derivatives), he is disqualified for 2 years, during the second - for life. In the case of receiving sympathomimetic for the first time - disqualification for 6 months, the second at 2 years, in the third - life. This penalty is also subject to the trainer and the doctor, who watched the athlete.
Use as doping any means, officially classified as a narcotic, entail appropriate administrative and criminal penalties. Currently, the legislative bodies of the country, proposals on the introduction of criminal penalties for the reception of anabolic steroids without a medical indication, or decline to receive them.