Atrophic vaginitis - a disease of the female reproductive system, which is characterized by the appearance of dryness in the vagina caused by thinning of the tissues, decrease lubrication, decreased estrogen levels and training of the female body to aging treating hot flashes. Such variations can be naturally caused the cessation of menses or formed on the background of artificial factors - for example, by treatment with chemotherapy.
Against the background of this disease is violated the protective function of reproductive organs - reduced number of lactobacilli and changes the acidity of the vagina. In addition, the reduced amount of mucus and blood flow, causing vaginal dryness, thinning of its walls, and therefore increases the likelihood of injury. In the medical field, such disease is the second name - atrophic vulvovaginitis. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), this disorder has its own value - N 95.2.
This disease is rarely diagnosed in the female of childbearing age, it occurs more often in women over fifty years. In addition to vaginal dryness, the main symptoms of the disease are the appearance of discharge, a burning sensation, itching and pain after intercourse. Diagnosis consists of a gynecological examination and laboratory studies of vaginal smear. To cure this disease is possible by means of application of special vaginal suppositories, taking medication, and using folk remedies.
Atrophic vaginitis occurs against the backdrop of the natural aging of the female body. His progression is due to a decrease in the hormone estrogen and menopause.
Despite the age-related changes of the vaginal mucosa state, characteristic signs of atrophic vaginitis are shown not every woman. The probability of their occurrence is increasing every year since the onset of menopause. Symptoms of this disease are:
dryness, itching and burning in the vagina;
discomfort and appearance of varying degrees of pain after intercourse;
the appearance of discharge with an unpleasant odor. The consistency may differ, and there are - fluid, mucous or pus impurities;
microtraumas or formation of small cracks in the art;
irritation of the mucous membrane;
bleeding associated with intercourse or examination by a gynecologist. Copious flow of blood speaks of the pathological process of the cervix or uterine body;
requent urge to the emission of urine;
a significant loss of hair or complete baldness pubic area and labia majora.
Characteristic of the disease is that most of the unpleasant symptoms of atrophic vaginitis can not be eliminated with the help of anti-inflammatory drugs. Reduce their manifestation can special vaginal suppositories.
Postmenopausal different vaginitis long, with periods of relapse over, but the characteristic features, not all women have the same expression.
The diagnosis can be at the stage of examination by a gynecologist. The mucosa looks pale and thin. Upon contact with the gynecological instruments some areas of the vaginal mucosa may bleed. To clarify the causes of the disease it is necessary to conduct laboratory examination of the contents of this area. In addition, the procedure is performed colposcopy - inspection and examination of the internal organs of the female reproductive system with special magnifying instrument.
In some cases, may require additional diagnostic methods to differentiate Atrophic vulvovaginitis from other processes and infectious diseases of the reproductive system.